DOJ Releases PREA Audit Instrument for Lockups

Since 2012, IACP’s Elimination of Sexual Abuse in Confinement team has been striving to raise awareness among state and local law enforcement leaders regarding implications of the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA) and the standards of compliance for lockups released by the Department of Justice (DOJ). The PREA standards are designed to enhance safety within facilities where people are detained for any amount of time, even if an agency only has one cell. Local law enforcement will not experience any federal penalties for not complying with the PREA standards, but there may be consequences for non-compliance. An agency could be found liable if a court were to determine that non-compliance with a national standard – even though voluntary – was evidence of negligence.

Since the release of the standards, DOJ has been developing a set of tools to help agencies demonstrate compliance through an audit. The audit instrument for lockups, consisting of a pre-audit questionnaire, auditor compliance tool, instructions for an audit tour, interview protocols, auditor summary report, process map, and checklist of documentation, is now available.

There may be some agencies that are unfamiliar with the PREA standards or the particulars of the audit standard. It’s important to understand that the federal government will not be coming to audit any agencies or facilities as a result of the PREA standards. Agencies initiate their own PREA compliance audits with independent auditors. The National PREA Resource Center (PRC) maintains a list of individuals who have been certified by DOJ to conduct PREA audits in lockups. There are currently nearly 300 individuals that DOJ has certified as auditors of adult facilities, including lockups; there are several upcoming training sessions scheduled for those interested in applying to become certified as a PREA auditor.

It is also important to recognize that the standards indicate facilities that do not detain people overnight are not subject to the audit standard. This means that if an agency does not regularly detain people overnight, it does not have to be audited to demonstrate compliance (see FAQ #5 at the PRC for a definition of “overnight”).

Even though an agency may not have to participate in the audit process, it may find value in electing to audit the facility. The auditor compliance tool for lockups could even be used to conduct a self-audit. An audit will help an agency’s leadership determine where there may be areas of physical, policy, or training risk and how to improve safety in the facility for detainees and officers.

Additional information about how PREA impacts law enforcement, including the audit process, is available from the PRC or by contacting IACP’s Elimination of Sexual Abuse in Confinement team at A summary of the PREA standards for lockups can be found in IACP’s brochure, Enhancing Safety and Reducing Liability in Police Lockups & Holding Cells.

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Conference Spotlight: Host Department Track

HostDepartmentTrackEach year at an annual IACP Conference and Expo, the host city police department puts together an entire educational track to showcase topics that are not only relevant to them, but to the entire law enforcement community. We’re taking IACP 2014 to Orlando from October 25-28, so this week’s Education Track blog will feature the Host Department Track! Look for this icon on the conference website and in the program to indicate Host Department Track workshops.

Here are a couple sessions the Orlando Police Department will showcase:

Planning and Implementing a Security Plan: The Zimmerman Trial: Florida was home to the most-watched criminal trial of 2013… so how did the law enforcement agencies involved juggle security for the media and the players involved in the court case? Swing by on Sunday, October 26, at 1:00 PM for a sneak peek into the planning and operations that took place behind the scenes.

Interoperability and Inter-Agency Cooperation Models for Success: Examining Brazil’s Public Safety During the World Cup: Speaking of most-watched events, hear from experts on the mechanics behind Brazil’s plan for operating security between national and international public safety organizations at the FIFA 2014 World Cup. Hear about what worked and what lessons can be learned by coming at 3:30 PM on Tuesday, October 28.

As you can tell by the two aforementioned workshops, the Host Department Track offers some invaluable and current information on issues that are pertinent to law enforcement. This track is offered throughout the entirety of the conference from October 25-28, so there is plenty of time to make room for the Host Department Track!

While we’re on the subject of Orlando, there’s plenty for your family to do while you’re attending workshop, and great places to hang out after a day packed with networking and education. Find information on attractions and special discounts here!

Questions? Visit for the most up-to-date speakers, sessions and information on IACP 2014!

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Webinar to explore using data to help predict and prevent traffic accidents and fatalities

The following blog post is sponsored by IBM.

Police departments throughout the U.S. have been trying for years to find ways to cut the number of accidents and fatalities occurring on the country’s highways. But one solution—based on data analytics—has begun to generate a lot of attention (and a fair amount of success) recently.

The Tennessee Highway Patrol is using sophisticated analytic software to help reduce traffic accidents and fatalities. The Crash Reduction Analyzing Statistical History program—or C.R.A.S.H.—helps predict where and when traffic accidents are most likely to occur, so highway patrol teams can be deployed to trouble spots ahead of time and head off potential crashes or offer immediate assistance in cases where accidents do occur.

Funded by federal grants, the system analyzes data on everything from weather patterns and accident histories to special events and home football schedules to help pinpoint likely problems. And thanks to IBM SPSS Predictive Analytics technology, the program has achieved a 72 percent accuracy rate in its first six months.

Attend a free webinar on Thursday, September 18 at 2 pm EDT and learn more about how the program works and what the future may hold for programs like this. Register now at

This blog post is sponsored by IBM. 

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Congressional Hearings on Violence Against Women

IACP National Law Enforcement Leadership Initiative on Violence Against Women staff recently attended a U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee hearing on “VAWA Next Steps: Protecting Women from Gun Violence”.  The hearing was chaired by Senator Sheldon Whitehouse (D-RI). The panel heard from victim advocates, survivors of violence, and others about both their individual experiences of and, more broadly, violence against women in the United States.

According to research, nearly two-thirds of all women killed by firearms were killed by an intimate partners. Firearms are the most frequently used weapons in intimate partner homicide, eclipsing all other weapons combined. In December 2013, the Police Chief Magazine Officer Safety Corner article Officer Safety in Domestic Violence Responses highlighted important steps for law enforcement leaders to take to address these issues. Lt. Mark Wynn (retired, Nashville Police Department, TN), author of the article, wrote “Personal experience and studies show that most domestic violence homicides occur while victims are attempting to leave or after they have left an abusive relationship. Additionally, of those victims, 76 percent of femicide cases involved at least one episode of stalking within 12 months prior to the murder and 85 percent of attempted femicide cases involved one episode of stalking within that same period.”

Addressing safety when responding to domestic violence calls is imperative for victims as well as officers. One of the individuals who spoke at the hearing, Sheriff Christopher Schmaling, Racine County Sheriff (WI), said the following: “… cops that risk their lives when they respond to domestic violence calls, rushing in to the middle of very dangerous and very intimate situations. We see the terror that abusers can create when they are armed. We see the impact on their wives and girlfriends, and on their children. We’re major proponents of community policing in Racine County, and if I have my officers on the street, working closely with our residents, I want to know that our laws are doing everything they can to keep guns out of abusive hands…”

For more information on the IACP’s violence against women resources and training, please visit  To learn more and to share best practices pertaining to officer safety and wellness please visit or contact the Center staff at To read the additional testimonies from the hearing, please visit the Committee on the Judiciary webpage with details.

RESEARCH CITED: Violence Policy Center, When Men Murder Women: An Analysis of 2008 Homicide Data (2010)  

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Conference Spotlight: Police Psychological Services Section Track

PolicePyschologicalServicesSectionTrackThe 121st Annual International Association of Chiefs of Police Law Enforcement Education and Technology Exposition, October 25 through October 28, in Orlando, Florida, is rapidly approaching! Have you considered attending this event to see what’s new in the field of police psychology? If so, then the next track in our IACP 2014 Education blog series will be of interest: the Police Psychological Services Section Track. Look for this icon on our website and in our program to signify workshops from this track.

Here are just a couple of educational sessions available in this track:

  • Impact of Legalized and Medical Marijuana on the Selection of Police Applicants: With marijuana quickly becoming mainstream in the U.S., both recreationally and medically, how do police departments work applicants’ use of the drug into the decision-making progress while protecting rights? Swing by to hear recommendations from the experts on how to handle these situations.
  • A Police Officer’s Attentional Process in an Officer-Involved Shooting or Force Encounter: What goes on inside a police officers’ minds when they are suddenly involved in a shooting? Hear from William Lewinski, executive director at Force Science Institute, on the cognitive processes and issues that occur in these scenarios and how to properly equip your officers to deal with them.

These sessions are just a taste of all of the exciting topics in the Police Psychological Services Section Track, offered from Saturday, October 25, through Monday, October 27 – too good to pass up! Don’t forget that Monday, October 27, is IACP’S Host Chief’s Night as well, held at Universal’s Islands of Adventure™!

Questions? Check out the official conference website,

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Violence Against Correctional and Probation Officers

On July 11th, inmate David Gomez at California’s Salinas Valley State Prison maneuvered himself out of his handcuffs and repeatedly stabbed a correctional officer in the back of the head with a knife he had hiding in his cell. Within the same week, a probation officer with the Franklin County (OH) Adult Probation Department was shot while serving a probation violation warrant at a suspect’s house.

Fortunately, both officers are recovering from their injuries in the hospital. According to the Officer Down Memorial Page, 7 probation and correctional officers have been fatally wounded since 2011. Approximately 45 have been intentionally killed between 1999-2008, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

But not all assaults result in fatalities. According to the 2013 Correctional Officer Wellness and Safety Literature Review, excluding police officers, correctional officers are involved in the highest amount of non-fatal violent encounters than any other occupation. A study by the National Institute of Justice in 2007, discovered there are approximately 2,000 correctional staff member injuries annually due to violence against officers by inmates.

Even everyday tasks can quickly turn into deadly situations. For example, correctional officer Amanda Baker of the Scotts Bluff County (NE) Detention Center was performing a cell opening when a 15-year-old inmate attacked and fatally stabbed her. Just as police officers must constantly remain vigilant against the threat of attack, those working in institutional and community corrections must always be attentive to their surroundings.

There is also the added of risk of what the job is doing to their health. Studies have indicated that correctional officers have higher rates of suicide and substance abuse than any other profession related to public safety. In 2012, the Bureau of Justice Assistance National Training and Technical Assistance Center held the Conference on Correction Officer Wellness to address the growing concern of correctional officer safety and wellness. The conference concluded that every correctional officer should work towards making sure he or she has a balanced lifestyle that includes solid support from family and friends in order to effectively tackle the daily stress of the job. It is important for correctional facilities to provide resources to help reduce these problems and to endorse overall health and well-being.

All public safety officers put themselves in harm’s way for the betterment of the community, and their health and safety should be a priority.

It is the IACP’s position that no injury to or death of a law enforcement professional is acceptable, and the IACP Center for Officer Safety and Wellness strives to improve awareness on all aspects of officer safety. To learn more and to share best practices pertaining to officer safety and wellness please visit or contact the Center staff at

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IACP in Latin America- Ecuador

Yost and Salgado

IACP President Yost Zakhary receives a token of appreciation from Rodrigo Suarez Salgado, Director General of the Ecuadorian National Police, who hosted the VII Police Communities of the Americas annual meeting, known as AMERIPOL, August 4-6, 2014 in Quito, Ecuador.  The conference brought in many of the National Directors of Police throughout South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and international entities who have official observer status, like the IACP. Observers included EUROPOL, INTERPOL, and individual countries that have a policing interest in what happens in the Western Hemisphere. Topical areas included Human Trafficking, Cybercrime/Cybersecurity, and individual country best practices in a variety of operational aspects of law enforcement.

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DRE Conference Draws Record-breaking Attendance in Phoenix

general session2The IACP Drug Recognition Expert (DRE) Section’s Annual Training Conference on Drugs, Alcohol and Impaired Driving convened July 28-30 and drew more than 870 representatives from law enforcement, toxicology, prosecution, health professionals and other stakeholders in impaired driving enforcement initiatives. Co-hosted by the Arizona Governor’s Office of Highway Safety, the conference attendance was the largest ever in the 20-year history of the DRE Conference.

Sergeant Mike Iwai, Oregon State Police and chair of the DRE Section presided over the three days. IACP President Yost Zakhary was among the welcoming speakers during the opening ceremony as well as Arizona Governor Janice Brewer, Director Alberto Gutier of the Governor’s Office of Highway Safety and Director Robert Halliday of the Arizona Department of Public Safety.

“The Evolution of Drug Recognition:  A Trip Back to the Basics” was this year’s theme, appropriately named because the first DRE Section conference was held in Phoenix 20 years ago. The first general session, entitled “DRE through the Ages,” featured some of the people who played critical roles in the development of the Drug Evaluation and Classification Program during the 1970s and ‘80s: Dick Studdard, retired Los Angeles Police Department; Jack Oates, retired from National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA); and Chuck Peltier, of NHTSA and former IACP staff member.

Among the 15 workshops and five general sessions presented, the topics included signs of impairment, principles of pharmacology and drug effects (specifically, cannabinoids, hallucinogens, dissociative anesthetics, CNS depressants, and synthetic drugs); improving teaching techniques, technology in the courtroom; using DREs in vehicular crimes investigations; using oral fluids in DUID enforcement cases; and the use of UV light in evaluations. The final general session by Gordon Graham, former DRE of the California Highway Patrol, also examined the issue of safety for the law enforcement officer, specifically the principles of risk management.

The IACP DRE Section wishes to extend its appreciation to our Arizona colleagues, particularly to Alberto Gutier and the conference committee for their successful planning efforts and to the Phoenix Police Department, who provided transportation throughout the event. The section also acknowledges the continued support of NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation.

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Conference Spotlight: Technology and Information Sharing Track


For this week’s IACP 2014 Education blog series, we focus on the Technology and Information Sharing Track. Look for this icon on our website and in our program to signify workshops from this track.

Just like everything else at IACP 2014, October 25-28 at the Orange County Convention Center – West Building, the Technology and Information Sharing Track will be featuring new, breakthrough workshops that focus on planning, implementing and managing technology to improve public and officer safety.

One workshop that you will not want to miss at IACP 2014 is “Truth or Consequences: Identity Management by Discovery, Verification and Authentication.” During this session, attendees can learn how to deal with cases of identity theft and make sure they are not arresting a victim of identity theft.

Another timely workshop is “Body-Worn Camera Technology: Law Enforcement and a New Era of Transparency, Accountability, Public Trust and Confidence.” Members of the Calgary Police Service will present case studies involving body-worn cameras and how to incorporate them into your department’s policies as well as the public sphere.

These and many more workshops are offered in the Technology and Information Sharing Track at IACP 2014, investigating many new up-and-coming technology and information systems.  This track offers sessions throughout the entire conference, from Saturday, October 25, through Tuesday, October 28.

For additional information, visit our official conference website at While you’re there, register for this premiere event and browse the other educational sessions – all this and much more on our website.


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IACP South American Conference Features Cybercrime and Cybersecurity

Pic_1Bogota, Colombia – Last week the IACP held the 13th IACP South American Executive Policing Conference, hosted by the Colombian National Police. IACP was represented by President Yost Zakhary, 4th Vice President Don De Lucca; State Association of Chiefs of Police Chairman Peter Carnes; and IACP International Policing Division Director Paul Santiago. Colombian National Police Director General Rodolfo Palomino delivered opening remarks along with President Zakhary, the keynote address was presented by Mr. Jay Bergman, Andean Region Director of the United States Drug Enforcement Administration. The two day conference featured Cybersecurity and Cybercrime on the first day, with Mr. James Emerson IACP’s Chair of the Computer Crime and Digital Evidence Committee, and Mr. Jeremiah Johnson with the United States White Collar Crime Center or NWC3. The second day featured General Palomino; the Brazilian Secretary of Public Safety of the Federal District of Brazil Mr. Paulo Bautista de Oliveira; and Salvadorian Commissioner Marroquin Vides and Mr. James Rose of the United States State Department International Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs Bureau (INL).


President Yost Zakhary and Keynote Speaker Jay Bergman, Andean Region Director of the Drug Enforcement Administration.

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