A Personal Account: Mental Health Awareness, Peer Support, and Vicarious Traumatization

Guest blogger: Sergeant Christopher J.A. Scallon, MS, Norfolk, Virginia, Police Department

Law enforcement has found itself adrift within the “perfect storm” of public mistrust, increasingly violent encounters, and the one-dimensional social media soapbox. The struggle to maintain our bearing, for the purposes of establishing some semblance of order and trust amidst such disdain is taking its toll. The vast majority of law enforcement professionals are just that…professional. It is because of these professionals that I am honored to be a part of an internal system tasked with addressing the inherent exposure to trauma by officers experienced on all fronts; peer support.

As a trauma survivor of a deadly force encounter, I can attest to the need for peer support. At the time, no formalized peer support unit existed for me to utilize. However, friends and a strong wife (also in law enforcement) helped me to find my way again. It was during my shooting review board that a respected supervisor pulled me aside and assured me that I would recover and I would eventually use my personal experience to help others.

Challenge Accepted!!!

The next few years were dedicated to obtaining the academic qualifications, certifications, and revisiting my experiences with the new eyes of a trauma-informed professional. I became a peer for several non-profit organizations and reached out to anyone I knew was involved in a critical incident. Unfortunately, my greatest opposition to providing help was the stigma associated with asking for it. It was clear, I needed to become a champion for change by sharing my uncensored experiences. I requested to teach a block of instruction for all new recruits titled, “Survival Mindset: Preparing for and Learning to Survive Trauma.” Pleasantly surprised, I was met with an overwhelming interest and acceptance of the concepts. A single class evolved into a sought-after presentation to surrounding police academies, and eventually around the country.

Too Much Success?

Almost immediately, requests to speak with individual officers about finding help and resources began flooding in…it worked!!! I went into overdrive, seeking as many resources available for officers in crisis and vetting the efficacy. I recall a single month when I was helping several officers and began to feel the effects of their trauma. I began falling into the trap of helping beyond my ability. I wish I could say I noticed, but it was my wife who identified my declining mental health. I was becoming distant, fatigued, and frustrated that I was the only one doing anything (far from the truth)!!! I was regressing back to the damaged individual I fought so hard to fix. I had taken on the stress of the officers I was helping and I thought to myself…STOP!!!

Back on Track

With the help of my wife and my own advice, I reached out for help. I opened up to my wife and I spoke to a close friend and licensed counselor. I needed to understand that desire to help is decidedly different than my ability. Saying “No,” while hard, is an integral part of peer support.

Healthy Peer Support

Recently, I was working with a local fire department to establish a peer support unit and providing resiliency training. Something a battalion chief said to me stuck. He said, “We mandate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for our fire fighters…mental health PPE is just as important.”

We work in a time where peer support is a critical component of law enforcement, as important as our flashlight, handcuffs, weapon, or ballistic vest. Similarly, if we require our public safety personnel to maintain PPEs before going to work, law enforcement must ensure that peer support unit personnel are provided the proper mental health PPEs.

Resources

There are numerous local and national support services for first responders. Resources that address suicide, substance abuse, grief, depression, vicarious traumatization, wellness, compassion fatigue…etc., are available. My humble suggestion is that we become students of our craft and never stop looking for the help that we will inevitably need. As a peer support unit director, the degree of help we provide is met with an equal responsibility to care for ourselves. To help others, we must recognize the need to help ourselves first.

Please visit the IACP’s Center for Officer Safety and Wellness for additional resources.

Posted in Officer safety and wellness | Leave a comment

50 Years of Police Officer of the Year: 1990 First Female Awardee

Since 1966, the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) has recognized one law enforcement officer – in a few cases multiple officers – who has stood out from the rest around the world. While the name of the award may have changed during that time, the honor has not. To celebrate 50 years of awardees, the IACP will be featuring more in-depth stories about some of the Police Officer of the Year winners.

parkpoliceGuest Blogger: Sergeant Anna Rose, United States Park Police

United States Park Police (USPP) Officer Katherine Heller was the 25th Police Officer of the Year Award honoree and first woman to receive the award. She earned this distinction in 1990 for shooting a suspect who was about to shoot her fellow officer, thus saving his life.

On February 22, 1990, Heller and fellow Officer Dahl were at Lafayette Park when they were approached by a man with severe injuries. While Heller rendered aid – she was an EMT prior to becoming a USPP officer – Officer Dahl left in pursuit of the assailant. The suspect attacked Officer Dahl and, during the struggle, was able to grab his weapon. As the suspect leveled the gun at Officer Dahl, Heller fired two shots and stopped the threat.
Officer Heller’s heroic actions in saving the life of a fellow officer, while placing her own life in jeopardy is in the highest tradition of the United States Park Police.
In addition to being the first female recipient of the award, Heller was the first federal uniformed officer, the first United States Park Police officer, and the first Washington, DC-area police officer to receive the recognition.

Since then, Heller has held a myriad of assignments that have led her to achieve the rank of Detective and to be detailed to the FBI’s Joint Terrorism Task Force for nearly half of her career. Assignments over the years have included Narcotics and Vice, Asset Forfeiture, and the National Capital Region Intelligence Center. Detective Heller also served and helped build the framework for an Intelligence Unit within the United States Park Police.

As she nears her retirement, Detective Heller is focused on helping officers with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, educating peers about resiliency, and teaching others from her own experiences. Not only is Detective Heller a success in her work, she is also a volunteer at a raptor center and a role model for younger officers.

As the first female Police Officer of the Year awardee, Detective Heller is a role model for younger officers and for women everywhere. Like Heller, officers around the world are doing heroic and outstanding work every day. Nominations are being accepted for the 2016 IACP/Target Police Officer of the Year Award until Friday, July 17, 2016. Please visit the Police Officer of the Year webpage and honor a deserving officer like Detective Heller today.

Posted in Awards, Foundation | Leave a comment

2016 National Police Week: We’re Getting Too Good At These

Guest Blogger: Colonel Steve Flaherty, Virginia State Police

We’re getting too good at these.

That was my response on the evening of March 31, 2016, to reporters asking how difficult it was as a law enforcement leader to accept the loss of Trooper Chad Dermyer. We were standing just yards away from where Chad had been shot and killed by a convicted felon inside a bus terminal in the City of Richmond only a few hours earlier.

Chad’s line-of-duty death is my tenth during my 12 ½ year tenure as Superintendent of the State Police, and the second for our Department within just seven months. Sadly, our folks knew just what to do without being asked. The memo to direct the wearing of the mourning band was sent Department-wide before the day was over. Our funeral coordinators were on deck ready to meet with the family and begin the sorrowful preparations for a visitation, service, procession and burial. Department photographs of Chad and his bio were being researched for the family, an obituary, and the media.

Within days of Chad’s death, we paid homage to yet another exceptional father, husband, son, brother, and public safety professional who had sacrificed his life while merely “doing his job.” Chad had only been with Virginia State Police (VSP) for three years. Prior to coming to us, he had been a highly-respected officer in Newport News, Virginia, and Mount Jackson, Michigan. He also proudly served his nation as a Marine. His funeral had one of the largest attendances our Department has ever seen.

We’re getting too good at these for all the wrong reasons. That’s what happens when tragedy strikes 123 times 365 days. Local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies nationwide were going through the same scenario as I have described above, but for the 123 men and women in uniform who died in the line of duty last year across the U.S. Our own, Trooper Nathan-Michael W. Smith, will be among the 252 names read this Friday as we gather to honor our fallen members during the 28th Annual Candlelight Vigil on the National Mall in Washington, D.C.

During this 2016 National Police Week, let us as public safety professionals be reminded of our duty not only to serve and protect those living, working, and visiting our communities, but to also do to the same for ourselves and fellow officers. As supervisors, we have the absolute responsibility to use every technological advancement, training opportunity, and available equipment to safeguard our sworn personnel. We have to make sure we are providing them with all the tools they need – to support them physically, mentally, and emotionally – to be at their best when others are at their worst.

We’re getting too good at these for the right reasons. As we honor the lives and legacies of our fallen men and women in uniform during National Police Week, let us recognize the true meaning of these tributes. The musical performances, honor guards, flag details, bike tours, marathon runs, speeches, and wreath laying ceremonies are essential to reassuring the surviving families, coworkers, and friends that we never forget our fallen. These ceremonies also demonstrate to the greater public #WhyIWearTheBadge, and what choosing a life of public service means to each of us as individuals and keepers of the peace. This is our week to show the citizens of this nation who we really are as men and women in and out of uniform. This is our time to show the world why we take a line-of-duty death so seriously, and why we work so hard to make sure every detail is accomplished with precision and excellence.

As we take time this week to remember those who have gone before us, let us also take a moment to reflect on our own sense of duty and the oath we took – whether just last month or, in my case, 40 years ago. We already have Chad and 35 other reasons to know that the next line-of-duty death for 2016 is not a matter of if, but when. Therefore, we must continue to do everything we can to keep our sworn personnel safe in their daily duties and contacts with the public, so that this time next year we are not reflecting back on how many, but rather how few, we have lost in the line of duty.

Thin Blue Line_Police Week-Recovered

Posted in Committees, Community Policing, Law Enforcement Leadership, Officer Safety, Officer safety and wellness | 2 Comments

2016 IACP/AMU Civilian Law Enforcement – Military Cooperation Award

The IACP’s Civilian Law Enforcement – Military Cooperation Committee (CLEMCC) is now accepting applications for the 2016 IACP/American Military University (AMU) CLEMCC award which recognizes excellence in law enforcement cooperation between civilian and military law enforcement bodies in developing innovative joint efforts promoting public safety for both military and civilian communities.

The IACP Civilian Law Enforcement – Military Cooperation Committee acts as a liaison body between civilian and military law enforcement. The mission of the committee is to foster a closer relationship between the civilian and military law enforcement disciplines so that each can take mutual advantage of the other’s skills, knowledge, training, research and development, and equipment for the benefit of all those being served.

For information on how to apply for this award, please visit the CLEMCC page.

Instructions can be found in a downloadable document. All applications must be received by the IACP no later than midnight on Monday, June 6, 2016.

Narrative application submissions will be a judged by a subcommittee of civilian and military law enforcement personnel. Winners will be provided airfare for one person and a one-hotel night stay to the 123rd Annual IACP Conference and Exposition in San Diego on Sunday, October 16, 2016, where a formal awards ceremony will take place at the Civilian Law Enforcement – Military Cooperation Committee Annual Meeting.

Completed award applications should be submitted to Jose Mariscal at mariscal@theiacp.org. Mr. Mariscal can also be reached at 1-800-836-6767, ext. 838, if you have any questions about the applications process or require any further assistance.

Posted in Awards

Nominations for IACP August Vollmer Excellence in Forensic Science Award

IACP recognizes the significant impact forensic science has on the criminal justice system. The August Vollmer Excellence in Forensic Science Award honors the proactive, innovative use of forensic technologies by law enforcement.

Nominations for selection of the 2016 awards are now being accepted in the following categories:

  • Current or Past Contribution by a Police Agency or Individual
  • Current or Past Forensic Science Collaboration
  • Innovation in Forensic Technology (by an Individual or Forensic Science Provider in the Public or Private Sector))
  • Significant Investigative Value in a Major Crime

Complete information, application, and submission criteria can be found on the Excellence in Forensic Science Award webpageDeadline for submissions has been extended to May 27thFor further information contact IACP Forensic Committee staff liaison Michael Rizzo at Rizzo@theiacp.org or 800-843-4227 extension 818.

Posted in Awards

IACP Launches New Leading by Legacy Online Resource Toolkit

Smaller law enforcement agencies often face unique challenges in the law enforcement field. Frequent changes in leadership and limited access to resources are some of the most common challenges. Many smaller agencies also face difficulties in bringing adequate leadership and management training to their departments. The IACP’s Leading by Legacy program was designed to address these challenges.

The IACP’s Leading by Legacy program began in 2009, and held its first training in July of 2010. The Leading by Legacy training course is an intensive and interactive 2.5 day event covering a host of leadership and management topics. One of the foundational elements of the Leading by Legacy program is the Leading by Legacy Resource Toolkit. Initially available via CD-ROM, the toolkit was limited in its ability to quickly update and meet the ever-changing challenges of today’s smaller departments.

With the support of the U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), we are pleased to announce the launch of our new Leading By Legacy Online Resource Toolkit! This online toolkit provides first line supervisors, command staff, and police executives with information that will aid in their individual, organizational, and community legacies. The resources provided in this toolkit are intended to increase leadership skills, promote departmental stability, and facilitate community needs in smaller agencies. The online toolkit also features resources used and developed by Leading by Legacy trainers and advisors.

For further details and direct access to the online resource toolkit, please visit the Leading by Legacy webpage.

Posted in Best Practices, Education and Training, Law Enforcement Leadership, Projects | 1 Comment

Big Community Policing on a Small Island

This blog post is part of a series highlighting best practices in community policing by police departments nationwide as part of IACP’s Community Policing: The Next Generation project. The project showcases modern, innovative, and cost-effective solutions to crime problems and public safety issues through collaboration and partnerships between law enforcement and community stakeholders in order to adapt community policing efforts. The project is funded through the U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services.

The Penobscot Nation Reservation sits on an island of roughly 7.5 square miles, in the middle of a river, in the center of the state of Maine. It is not a big island, but one that is protected by a department led by an innovative and future-minded police chief. Maine, known for its beautiful coastline and delicious lobsters, is not a densely populated state and one might not expect so much forward thinking coming from those living in a state known as the Vacationland.

Chief Robert Bryant, chief of police for the Penobscot Nation Police Department since 2007, testified at sessions of the President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing, and speaks of building a foundation of trust in order to enhance police legitimacy for his citizens. His citizens, members of the Penobscot Nation tribe, are not your average demographic, but Bryant’s methods of community policing are no different than what needs to be done around the United States.

One difference Bryant does face as chief of police of a tribal nation is that he and his officers must constantly be aware of two sets of laws. Chief Bryant must make sure that his people are treated fairly when it comes to dealing with Maine’s laws, as well of those of the Penobscot Nation.

Chief Bryant is not that different from other law enforcement executives around the country. His department is hoping to incorporate more cultural awareness training, develop a better understanding of the community’s feelings and attitudes toward law enforcement, seek community and police officer buy-in, as well as collaborate more with other public agencies serving the citizens of that island.

For the past seven years the police department has sponsored and coordinated a race in the community, raising money to provide healthy snacks for those attending the youth program at the community center. In addition, the department raises awareness of the long history of running with the tribe and how it offers a healthy alternative and lifestyle choice. The department also purchases uniforms for the youth, assists them at practices, and speaks to them on drug prevention, anti-bullying, and self-esteem building.

Another successful community policing strategy has been the creation of the Wabanaki Law Enforcement Group. This working group consist of law enforcement executives from the five tribes in Maine and meets quarterly to discuss issues the tribes face and also how the tribes can enhance one another’s agencies. Issues ranging from drug abuse, mutual aid, relationships between the tribes, state government, and other law enforcement and public safety issues are regularly topics of discussion. A greater understanding of the different communities that the tribal law enforcement departments serve helps to increase the effectiveness of these agencies.

Chief Bryant is working hard to create a foundation of trust and legitimacy for his community. On that island of only roughly 7.5 square miles, there is a police department with leadership that will continually strive to serve its people in the best way it knows how.

The Penobscot Tribal Police Department is 1 of 10 agencies that will be featured in IACP’s upcoming publication on promising practices in tribal community policing, which is due out later this year. As a part of this project, Chief Robert Bryant presented a webinar on the importance of incorporating tribal culture into police operations. The webinar recording and more information about the project can be found on the IACP Tribal Community Policing page.

Posted in Best Practices, Community Policing

Advisory: The Growing Use and Misuse of Exploding Target Products

In this blog, the International Association of Chiefs of Police Arson and Explosives Committee provides information regarding the growing use and misuse of exploding target (ET) products and promoting personnel safety.

Exploding Targets are a pre-packaged combination of non-explosive chemicals that, when thoroughly mixed, form a high explosive. The products are typically sold containing two separate components, one of Ammonium nitrate (an oxidizer) and the other a fuel such as aluminum powder, zirconium or other finely ground metal (Figure 1). Because the component materials are not, by themselves, explosive, manufacturer packaged exploding targets are not classified as explosive materials and do not meet the definition of “Explosives” found in Federal statutes (27 CFR 555.11.) However, once the components are mixed together (Figure 2), the mixture is classified as an explosive material that is subject to all the regulatory requirements found in 27 CFR, Part 555 – Commerce in Explosives, which pertains to manufacturing, storage or transportation, and is subject to Federal, State and local laws[1].

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Figure 1: Exploding target ingredients (unmixed)

 

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Figure 2: Exploding Target Combined Mixture

Exploding Target Incidents

The use, and increasing misuse, of exploding targets (ET) has brought these materials to the attention of law enforcement agencies nationwide. Police Chiefs may find their departments responding to incidents involving these readily available explosive products and should insure that their personnel are aware of the characteristics and potential dangers posed by these items. A search of the United States Bomb Data Center’s (USBDC) Bomb Arson Tracking System (BATS), the national repository for reported explosives incidents, shows that, from 2010 until April of 2015, at least 40 states have reported incidents and/or recoveries of exploding targets by first responder agencies.[2] Law enforcement professionals should recognize the potential for criminal misuse of such products as well as the unintended consequences of the misuse of such materials.

Readily Available, However…

When used properly and in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions, the resulting mixture can be detonated when struck by a high velocity bullet, producing both an audible and visual effect for target shooters. The materials can be bought and sold without the need for a Federal explosives license or permit. Although a few states have enacted legislation restricting or banning the sale of exploding targets, they are readily available at many firearms and shooting sport equipment distributors across the country as well as through on line retailers. However, once mixed, the resulting composition is a high explosive and the transportation, storage and use may be subject to Federal regulations. In addition, the misuse of exploding target products may violate state or Federal laws if the explosive is used to construct a destructive device or is used as a weapon intended to injure or kill people or to damage or destroy property. In such cases, law enforcement should consult with prosecutors to determine if criminal charges can be applied.

Safety Risk from Misuse

While most people who use ETs do so in a recommended and responsible manner, a number of individuals have been seriously injured or killed by their misuse. These explosives produce a blast and, if misused, can potentially generate high velocity fragments that can cause damage to nearby objects and could injure or kill people. This advisory is designed to increase law enforcement’s awareness of these products, and to inform people using, encountering or in the proximity to ETs that, when mixed, they are high explosive materials and can pose a safety risk if used improperly. Each ET manufacturer includes instructions detailing the proper and safe use of its products, which should be followed closely.

Recent Examples of Misuse

Several incidents in 2015 have illustrated the ways in which law enforcement may encounter exploding targets and their consequences.

  • In Oklahoma, an 8-year-old boy was killed and a 22-year-old man injured after an individual placed an ET product in a stove and shot it with a high-powered rifle.
  • In Texas, a 9 year-old boy was severely injured when a relative placed an ET product into an improvised canon and shot it with a rifle, in an effort to launch a pumpkin.

In both cases, the misuse of the product resulted in the production of fragmentation propelled at high velocities resulting in tragedy.

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Figure 3: Visible effect produced by bullet striking an exploding target (ET) mixture.

When to Request Assistance of Trained Explosives Experts

The examples also illustrate the hazards that may face law enforcement officers responding to incidents involving exploding targets. Officers should realize that, when mixed, these materials are explosives and they should immediately request the assistance of personnel trained in the safe handling of explosive materials. If there is a question as to whether the material has been mixed or not, the safest option is to assume that the material is an explosive and request the assistance of trained explosives experts. As with any potentially explosive material, consultation with explosives experts should be a law enforcement officer’s first action when encountering exploding target products.

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Figure 4: Examples of commercially available Exploding Target products (before mixing.)

If you have any questions about this Advisory, please contact Donald Robinson, IACP Arson and Explosives Committee Chairman at Donald.Robinson@atf.gov or (256) 261-7602.

[1] Contact the local United States Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives office for questions concerning Federal regulation of transportation or storage of mixed exploding targets or other explosives.

[2] United States Bomb Data Center Advisory 15-31; Recovery and Use of Exploding Targets over the Past Five Years.

 

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The Safety and Justice Challenge

MacArthurThe Safety and Justice Challenge is a new five-year, $75 million investment by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation to engage jurisdictions to develop and model effective ways to keep people out of jail, more effectively reintegrate those who must be confined into the community upon release, and help them stay out of jail thereafter.

As a strategic ally selected by the MacArthur Foundation, the IACP will support participating Challenge jurisdictions and law enforcement agencies throughout the country through a series of activities to identify and develop safe and effective law enforcement strategies for reducing arrests and incarceration. These activities will include:

  • Holding a series of focus groups for line officers and command staff to explore alternatives to arrest while keeping communities safe;
  • Establishing a working group to develop model officer evaluation criteria; and
  • Promoting promising practices through a peer network for reform efforts.

A total of 20 Challenge Network jurisdictions were selected from a field of 191 interested jurisdictions. On April 13th, 2016, the MacArthur Foundation revealed their selection of the 11 jurisdictions that would receive Core Site funding:

Core Sites:
Charleston County, SC
Harris County, TX
Lucas County, OH
Milwaukee County, WI
New Orleans, LA
New York, NY
Philadelphia, PA
Pima County, AZ
St. Louis County, MO
Spokane County, WA
State of Connecticut

Partner Sites:
Ada County, ID
Cook County, IL
Los Angeles County, CA
Mecklenburg County, NC
Mesa County, CO
Multnomah County, OR
Palm Beach County, FL
Pennington County, SD
Shelby County, TN

The IACP looks forward to working with these jurisdictions throughout this project. For more information visit the IACP’s Safety and Justice Challenge web page.

Posted in Best Practices, Partnerships, Pretrial Justice Reform, Projects

Accessing Chemical Facility Information

In this blog, the International Association of Chiefs of Police Arson and Explosives Committee identifies how law enforcement and first responders can access information regarding chemical facilities within their jurisdictions from the Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS) program and the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA) and Risk Management Program (RMP).

DHS’s Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards

The Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS) regulation was established in 2007 as a means of regulating security at high-risk chemical facilities. High-risk facilities contain Chemicals of Interest (COI) that give rise to one or more security issues to include release of toxic chemicals, theft or diversion of chemicals, and chemicals that can be used for sabotage or contamination. Facilities determined to be high-risk are required to develop and implement Site Security Plans or Alternative Security Programs that meet applicable risk-based performance standards.

Law enforcement or first responders with a need-to know may gain access to CFATS information by contacting cfats@hq.dhs.gov.

CFATS Resource — Infrastructure Protection Gateway

DHS shares certain CFATS data elements with first responders and law enforcement on a geospatial map to help these individuals identify and prioritize potential risks and develop a contingency plan to address those risks. The platform on which this CFATS data is shared is the Infrastructure Protection (IP) Gateway. This permission-based system allows DHS to share CFATS information while appropriately balancing safety and security risks.

CFATS data is available in a For Official Use Only (FOUO) layer and a Chemical-terrorism Vulnerability Information (CVI) layer to authorized Federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial officials with an established “need-to-know” as determined by Regional Directors in DHS, National Protection and Programs Directorate, Office of Infrastructure Protection, Infrastructure Security Compliance Division (ISCD). FOUO access allows users to view information on any chemical facility that has filed a top screen with the CFATS program (such as name and geospatial information) within their respective jurisdictions, whereas CVI access includes additional information that constitutes CVI, such as a facility’s risk-based tier. Level of authorized access is assessed on a case-by-case basis.

To request access, contact your ISCD Regional Director by calling the Chemical Security Assessment Tool (CSAT) Help Desk at 1-866-323-2957 or emailing csat@dhs.gov.

EPA’s Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act

The Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA) was established in 1986 to help communities plan for emergencies involving hazardous substances. EPCRA ensures that local communities and first responders have needed information on potential chemical hazards in order to develop community emergency response plans and respond appropriately to chemical emergencies that may occur. Under EPCRA, companies are required to disclose chemical information that surpasses a specified threshold.

Facilities holding a substance requiring a Safety Data Sheet (SDS) under the Occupational Safety and Health Administration’s Hazard Communication Standard must submit an Emergency and Hazardous Chemical Inventory Form, called a “Tier II Report.”

This report must be submitted annually to that facility’s State Emergency Response Commission (SERC), Local Emergency Planning Committee (LEPC), and local fire department.

EPA’s Risk Management Program

The Risk Management Program (RMP) was established in 1996 as a means of preventing and mitigating the consequences of chemical accidents. Owners and operators of facilities that manufacture, use, store or otherwise handle any of the RMP’s list of flammable and toxic substances above threshold quantities are required to submit a risk management plan to the EPA. This plan must include information on the facility’s hazard assessment, accident prevention mechanisms, and emergency response measures. Facilities must update the plan every five years (or sooner if major changes occur).

Additional Resources

Posted in Committees, Counterterrorism, Information Sharing, Security