2017 40 Under 40 Award: Recognize Your Leaders of Today and Tomorrow

participate-iacp-2016-40-under-40-winnersDo you have an outstanding and dedicated leader within your agency? If so, take the time to recognize them and their accomplishments by nominating them for IACP’s 40 under 40 award.

The IACP’s 40 Under 40 Award is designed to acknowledge the accomplishments of 40 law enforcement professionals, under the age of 40, that demonstrate leadership qualities and are deeply dedicated to their profession. Now in its second year, this prestigious award is an excellent way to recognize the leaders of today and the leaders of tomorrow.

Nominees can be from any agency around the global (federal, state, local, or tribal) and serve in any law enforcement position, sworn or non-sworn. They must be under the age of 40 as of September 1, 2017.

A panel of law enforcement leaders will select the winners based on the following criteria:

  • Complies with age and employment requirements
  • Demonstrates a commitment to law enforcement and exemplifies the values of the profession
  • Capacity for leadership

In addition to the award winners will also receive:

  • A profile in Police Chief magazine
  • A complimentary IACP membership for one-year
  • Free registration for the 2017 IACP Annual Conference and Exposition in Philadelphia, PA
  • An invitation to the 40 Under 40 Luncheon at the 2017 IACP Annual Conference and Exposition in Philadelphia, PA
  • Transportation expenses to the 2017 IACP Annual Conference and Exposition (up to $500)

Nominations must include the application form, a resume or CV, and a high-resolution photo of the individual. Applications can be accompanied by up to two (optional) letters of recommendation.

The deadline to submit an application is March 1, 2017. There is still time to nominate someone in your agency that you think deserves to be recognized. The winners will be announced in September 2017.

For more information, to download an application, or to view last year’s winners please visit www.theiacp.org/40under40. Questions can be directed to Danielle Gudakunst (dgudakunst@theiacp.org).

Posted in Annual Conference and Exposition, Awards | Leave a comment

Hennepin County Sheriff’s Office: Community Engagement

Guest blogger: Tom Woodmansee, Senior Adviser, Safety and Security Division of CNA

badge1The President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing offers several recommendations for collaborating with the community to build relationships of trust between law enforcement officers and the community, including working with community members to produce meaningful public safety results.

Police agencies throughout the country understand and embrace the importance of community policing.  The definition and application of community policing can vary and be interpreted differently from agency to agency, but the benefits of community engagement and collaboration are proven to build trust and problem-solving capabilities between police and their communities.  The Hennepin County Sheriff’s Office (HCSO), Minnesota, established a Community Engagement Team (CET) to develop and build strong, trusting relationships between HCSO and its multi-cultural communities while increasing public safety. mn-group

Community engagement is not only a sound investment for building relationships with the residents HCSO serves, it is also their frontline strategy for countering violent extremism.  HCSO’s community-focused model for countering extremism led to the agency earning the 2016 IACP/Booz Allen Hamilton Outstanding Achievement in the Prevention of Terrorism Award.

HCSO’s CET is comprised of a diverse membership including sworn officers, civilians, and resident advisory councils representing African Americans, Latinos, Asians, American Indians, and East African communities in Hennepin County.

The mission of CET is to engage the community and strengthen partnerships.  A large aspect of CET is providing education on law enforcement and the criminal justice system, which is especially helpful to residents who are new to the United States. CET also assists with employee recruiting, and providing direct outreach to county residents.  CET members serve as ambassadors of the Sheriff’s Office, and strive to create channels of communication that support building goodwill and improving mutual understanding.  One way of creating channels of communication is through actively engaging in multiple social media platforms. Active social media use allows the HCSO to reach out and communicate with a majority of the community quickly and accurately. Members do not participate in investigations or gather law enforcement data.

handshakeQuarterly roundtables with the resident advisory councils build trust between the agency leadership and the community through dialog.  HCSO presenters at the roundtables include the Sheriff, Command Staff, the Professional Standards Division and Personnel Unit.  These roundtables serve as listening sessions and opportunities to educate the residents on the criminal justice system, but also to teach community members about their civil rights and liberties.

In addition to building and strengthening partnerships within the community, CET has had an impact on HCSO and its operations as well. Diversity hiring in HCSO has increased 25% since the start of 2015. Resident feedback also resulted in HCSO policy changes such as allowing matricular IDs from the Mexican Consulate being accepted for jail visitor access, and allowing hajibs to be worn by jail inmates.

The best way to help ensure the safety of the public is to communicate and collaborate with neighborhood members. The Community Engagement Team partners and works with the community members in Hennepin County to produce a safe and welcoming environment.

This blog post is part of a series highlighting best practices in advancing 21st century policing as part of the IACP Institute for Community-Police Relations. Hennepin County is one of fifteen sites selected for participation in the Advancing 21st Century Policing Initiative, a joint project of the COPS Office, CNA, and the IACP to highlight agencies who are actively embracing the principles in the President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing.


Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Join us at the 2017 Division Midyear Conference

The 2017 Division Midyear Conference is scheduled from April 10-12, 2017 in Litchfield Park, Arizona, located just outside of Phoenix, at the Wigwam Arizona hotel. This meeting welcomes members of the three Divisions – State & Provincial Police (S&P), State Associations of Chiefs of Police (SACOP), and Midsize Agencies (MSA) – and provides members with the opportunity to network, share best practices, and partake in critical training.

Some highlights of this year’s Division Midyear include a Town Hall with IACP President Donald De Lucca and Deputy Executive Director Terrence Cunningham, discussing the Law Enforcement Perspectives 2016 IACP Critical Issue Listening Tour on Tuesday morning. This session will feature findings discovered during last year’s listening tour with police executives from eight locations around the United States and Canada. Attendees will also hear updates from IACP staff on the IACP Institute on Community-Police Relations, IACP/University of Cincinnati Research Center, and new National Highway Traffic Safety Administration initiatives.

Throughout the two-day meeting, Division members will receive ample time to share information, lessons learned, and problem solving knowledge during regional roundtables and breakout sessions. The midyear will also feature critical training opportunities for members on topics such as recruitment challenges, department diversity, use of force policies, officer resiliency, officer safety and wellness, and building trust and legitimacy through social media.

The annual IACP/Motorola Trooper of the Year Banquet will close-out the meeting on Wednesday evening. This award program strives to recognize the most courageous and dedicated officers in law enforcement from state and provincial agencies. Additional information on the award program, including how to nominate a trooper from your agency, can be found here.

If you are interested in attending, please register today! There are five attendee registration categories available:  SACOP, S&P, MSA, Federal Partner or spouse. Registration includes the General Chairs’ Welcome Reception on Monday, access to all workshops, and breakfast and lunch on Tuesday and Wednesday. General registration does not include Trooper of the Year Banquet tickets, so please make sure to buy those tickets separately.

Once you are registered, don’t forget to reserve your hotel room at the Wigwam Arizona. Participants can book their rooms here. The last day to be able to secure a room is Friday, March 17, 2017. For travel accommodations, the Sky Harbor International Airport is closest to the meeting location.

If you have any questions regarding the Division Midyear Meeting, registration, or lodging accommodations, please contact Nuyiri Kasbarian and Nicole LeFort.

Posted in Divisions, Education & Training, Membership | Leave a comment

Join Us at the 2017 IACP Public Information Officer Midyear Conference

If you’re looking at your training budget for the year trying to decide the best path for professional growth, the IACP Public Information Officer (PIO) Midyear Conference co-hosted by the Aurora, Colorado, Police Department is a conference you don’t want to miss.

From new officers transitioning into the role of PIO to veterans looking to learn from other agencies across the country, the conference will have something for public information officers of all skill levels. Several members of the Aurora Police Department will talk about the tragic Century 21 Theater shootings, from how the PIO managed the mass shooting, to how the agency created a PIO-family liaison program to help communication with the victims’ families. The District Attorney who prosecuted the case will also speak about the challenges of trying the case in a national spotlight.

The perfect follow up to those intense sessions will be a presentation from a local police and public safety psychology specialist about combatting burnout from the electronic leash to which so many PIOs are attached.

On the other side of the digital coin, there will be a panel sure to elicit laughs and gasps when you see how their agency uses Twitter. The Personalities on Twitter session will feature law enforcement PIOs from Denver, Wyoming (Minnesota), Pasco (Florida) and Lawrence (Kansas) whose agency tweets often generate national attention for the responses, hashtags, gifs and photos.

Westminster, Colorado, Police Department PIOs will talk about how they used social media to communicate with the public for 23 intense days during the Jessica Ridgeway case, during which a 10-year-old girl went missing and was later found murdered.

In contrast, when wildfires raged through the Smoky Mountains in Gatlinburg, Tennessee, there was scant social media use by agencies at the time. However, a tremendous amount of messaging was being distributed by the many different governmental agencies involved. Listen to an involved PIO share how they balanced that crush of information and criticism—as well as why social media was not used for certain aspects—all while in the national spotlight.

The Mountain View, California, Police Department PIO will teach you about a relatively unused but powerful storytelling tool—the podcast! From free recording tools to storytelling options, become a podcast prodigy in a time when the push for many has become video first.

Attendees will also learn valuable lessons about the fatal friendly fire shooting of an undercover officer at the Prince George’s County, Maryland, Police Department. Their strategy to release detailed information quickly helped them manage the national media, keep their local community informed and respond to the law enforcement critics who used this crisis to further their cause on social media.

The Alameda County, California, Sheriff’s Office will explain how they got their nationally-recognized, successful drone program off the ground using smart communication tactics from the start. Attendees will learn about the pros and cons of starting a drone program, including lessons learned, perceptions, privacy rights, media messaging and accountability. PIOs will also explain how successful programs keep officers, rescuers, suspects and victims safer and reduce liability and risk.

These are just some of the incredible presentations you’ll hear.

In addition to this great learning experience, you will also have the opportunity to meet and get to know PIOs from law enforcement agencies across the country. Your fellow colleagues will be great resources for you when you have questions about social media, go through your own high profile incidents or just want to bounce ideas off of someone who understands your world.

We hope you will join us in Aurora, Colorado, on May 8, 9 and 10th! For more information and to register for the midyear conference, visit http://www.iacp.org/PIOMidYear.




Posted in Membership, Sections, Social Media, Technology

Moving Forward by Acknowledging the Past

On September 8th, 1940, the local LaGrange, GA, newspaper ran a story on the last page about Austin Callaway’s death and the incidents that led to his death. Seventy-six years later, Callaway’s story is on the front page of multiple nationwide media outlets, including CNN, the New York Times, NBC, and CBS.

Austin Callaway, an 18 year-old African American male, was sent to jail for allegedly assaulting a white woman in LaGrange.  Later that night, Callaway was removed from his cell by group of armed men wearing hoods, shot six times, and left for dead.  There was no official police record or investigation. The nature of Callaway’s death was unknown to the community and the LaGrange Police Department until recently.

Last week, at a packed Warren Temple United Methodist Church, Chief Louis Dekmar publically apologized for the police department’s lack of action regarding Callaway. Chief Dekmar, who is also the First Vice President of the IACP, acknowledged that the police department had a responsibility to protect Callaway while he was in custody. In an effort to reduce the strain between the community and the police department, Chief Dekmar addressed and recognized the incident. “The event was graciously and warmly received by our community, black and white. It has enhanced the racial trust building efforts we’ve been involved with in the past two years,” expressed Chief Dekmar.

Chief Dekmar hopes that this acknowledgement helps the community move forward while learning from past. Events like these help to increase the legitimacy of the police department in the eyes of the community. Acknowledging the past shows that the police department is making a conscious effort to work with the community in a transparent manner.

The local National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), Troup County representative Mr. Ernest Ward, Councilman Willie T. Edmonson, and family members of Austin Callaway including Mrs. Deborah Tatum attended and announced they accepted Chief Dekmar’s apology. Also in attendance at the event and showing support to both Callaway’s family and the police department were Mayor Jim Thornton, Judge Jeannette Little, and community leader Dan McAlexander, who also acknowledged the incident and the lack of response.

This acknowledgement was well received by the community due to the continued trust building efforts of the Troup County Commission, the police department, the Mayor, city council members, and the Troup County branch of the NAACP through the Troup County Racial Trust Building Initiative.  Trust building trainings at local LaGrange College are held frequently and all of the organizers of the initiative meet monthly in a public forum at multiple locations throughout the Troup County area to discuss concerns and successes of the trainings and what is happening in the community.  These trainings helped create the proper climate and tone in the community, so that the message from Chief Dekmar would be perceived in the manner in which the department meant it.

Chief Dekmar and the LaGrange Police Department believe that this event was the first step toward a dialogue that will continue to help in community unification.

Posted in Community-Police Relations

Developing Positive Community-Police Relationships Step by Step

The Task Force on 21st Century Policing offers recommendations for building relationships of trust between law enforcement officers and the community. Highlights include: initiating positive nonenforcement activities, creating opportunities for officers to regularly interact with neighborhood residents, and scheduling regular forums where all community members can interact with police.

louisvilleThe Louisville Metropolitan, Kentucky, Police Department makes a special effort to build trust and legitimacy. The department recognizes that exemplary community policing requires actively building of positive relationships with members of the community. It is vital that the community sees law enforcement as allies and not just as enforcement. Some of the ways the department builds positive relationships with the community is through the Chief’s Peace Walks and 21st Century Policing Community Forums.

Chief’s Peace Walks


Once a week, Chief Steve Conrad, along with the assistant chief, division major, officers, and 15-30 community members, walk through hot spot neighborhoods, which are areas with a high rate of investigative and enforcement involvement, and discuss issues, concerns, and generally get to know each other. The Peace Walks give members of the department and the community an opportunity to interact and engage with each other one-on-one in a nonenforcement capacity.

The walks started in July 2016, and have included Councilwoman Cheri Bryant Hamilton, Mayor Greg Fischer, local clergy, neighborhood watch groups, the Shawnee Neighborhood Association, and the Chickasaw Neighborhood Federation. In the winter months, Chief Conrad moved the walks into shopping malls to reach out to more people. The Chief’s Peace Walks send a message to the community that the department and its officers are committed to working with residents to improve conditions in the neighborhoods. 

21st Century Policing Community Forums

cops-imageAnother example of how the department expresses its commitment to working with residents is through monthly 21st Century Policing Community Forums.  Each forum discusses one pillar of the 21st Century Policing Task Force. The forums are led by the chief, who starts with the recommendations and then summarizes the pillars and what they mean to the department and the community. Officers then discuss programs and activities that are related to each pillar and how the department is implementing each recommendation and action item. The forum ends with a question and answer session where community members can voice their opinions and concerns.

The forums are advertised through the department’s Facebook page and are open to anyone in the community. The department also livestreams the events, which have been viewed approximately 70,000 times.  The forums began in September, starting with the first pillar and have continued with the remaining five pillars each month. The 21st Century Policing Community Forums allow the community to learn about the methodologies behind each of the department’s actions in a transparent and positive way. The department gets to advertise the positive steps they are taking and connect with the community that they serve.

The two key elements of community policing as stated in the 21st Century Task Force Report are mutual trust and cooperation. Those elements are not possible without positive nonenforcement interaction and engagement with the community. The Louisville Metropolitan Police Department successfully develops mutual trust and cooperation through positive relationship building with the Chief’s Peace Walks and civil dialogue and transparency with the 21st Century Policing Community Forums.

 This blog post is part of a series highlighting best practices in advancing 21st century policing as part of the IACP Institute for Community-Police Relations. Louisville is one of fifteen sites selected for participation in the Advancing 21st Century Policing Initiative, a joint project of the COPS Office, CNA, and the IACP to highlight agencies who are actively embracing the principles in the President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing.


Posted in Community-Police Relations

My Experience Being an IACP Member

IACP President Donald W. De Lucca, Chief of Police of the Doral (FL) Police Department


IACP President De Lucca as Assistant Chief of the Miami Beach Police Department in 1999. 

This past January I reached an IACP milestone; I became a lifetime member of the association after 20 years of service. I am honored to be part of such a distinguished group of individuals within the membership.

With reaching this milestone in my career; as IACP’s Membership Month comes to a close and we kick off February’s President’s Drive, I wanted to take a few moments to reflect on my experience as a member of the law enforcement community and as a member of the IACP.

I wanted to be in law enforcement ever since I was a little kid, and after finishing school I was able to achieve that dream in Miami Beach, Florida, where I was honored to serve the southern Florida community and to be given the opportunity to make a difference each day.

I first heard about the IACP from my Chief in Miami Beach, when he offered me the chance to join as a Police Major in 1997, but I became really got involved with the Association when a colleague called and asked if I would be interested in serving on the then legislative committee. When I did that, it was the first time I saw what the IACP was really about and how committed they were to the profession.


IACP President De Lucca swearing in Shaquille O’Neal as a Reserve Officer for the Miami Beach Police Department in 2004. 

As I have moved forward in my career and within the Association, I reflect back on what my IACP membership has meant to me. Of course, it is being able to network with my colleagues and attend the Annual Conference but it really has given me the opportunity to grow and learn about cutting edge issues, the profession as a whole and the communities we serve. I wouldn’t trade that for anything.

My advice for those younger officers looking to be our future leaders within the profession and the IACP? Join now, be engaged, learn, and benefit from the many resources IACP has to offer. The IACP opens doors to so much and you should take advantage of that as early in your career as you can.

Learn more about the IACP President’s Drive or an IACP membership.

Posted in IACP Leadership, Leadership, Membership

IACP Statement on Immigration Related Executive Orders

On January 27th, U.S. President Donald Trump issued an Executive Order on “Protecting the Nation From Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States.” While recognizing that the measures outlined in the executive order were implemented so to enhance the security of the United States, the IACP believes that to minimize confusion and ensure the effectiveness of these changes, it is critically important that they be implemented in a carefully thought out and structured fashion. Both law enforcement officials in the United States, and their international partners, need clear guidance on the impact that these adjustments will have on their daily operations and the changes that may be required to their policies and procedures.

There have also been recent reports that the Trump Administration is considering using state and local law enforcement agencies in the apprehension and removal of illegal aliens in the United States. To be clear, President Trump’s January 25th Executive Order (Enhancing Public Safety in the Interior of the United States) only directs the Secretary of Homeland Security to use his existing authority under Section 287(g) of the Immigration and Nationality Act to enter into voluntary agreements with state and local agencies to perform immigration enforcement duties. This approach is consistent with the efforts of previous administrations and is dependent upon the consent of the state or local entity.

However, the IACP has, and will continue to strongly oppose any initiative that would mandate that state and local law enforcement agencies play a role in the enforcement of federal immigration law.  The IACP believes that the issue of state, tribal, or local law enforcement’s participation in immigration enforcement is an inherently local decision that must be made by law enforcement executives, working with their elected officials, community leaders, and citizens.

Posted in Breaking News, Legal, Policy

Eradicating Modern Slavery: Saving Victims Among Us

Guest Blogger: Deputy Chief Carmen Best, Seattle, Washington, Police Department

January is National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month, but sadly, even in the 21st Century we are still experiencing slavery and human trafficking in many of our communities. What is human trafficking and why is it so important for law enforcement to take the lead in prevention, intervention, and enforcement of this oppressive and dehumanizing crime?

While most associate human trafficking with the sex industry, there are other forms of trafficking that exploit undocumented workers. In all cases, we find slavery, or something akin to slavery, occurring in public areas and in many unsuspected residences and businesses. This activity is not unique to inner cities. It is often uncovered in affluent, suburban neighborhoods as well.

I have worked for the Seattle Police Department for more than 25 years. Early in my career, I often encountered prostitutes in Seattle’s Central District where I was assigned. I would see these young women standing in the bus shelter or walking to and fro, on the same block for hours. I arrested many of them for violating Stay Out of Areas of Prostituting (SOAP) orders. I eventually knew several of them by name. At the time, I had no respect for these women. I thought they were unconscionable criminals who deserved to go to jail.

Over the years, my views changed radically as I learned that each of these women had a story, usually of sad and disturbing circumstances that led them to their miserable and troubled paths. I began to realize that prostitution was not a victimless crime and that women involved are often trafficked and exploited in a way that strips them of their dignity and self-respect.

The Seattle Police Department began to address human trafficking as part of a statewide task force that approached the Washington State Legislature in 2001 to initiate a law following enactment of the Federal Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) of 2000. The task force, currently funded through the Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), follows the Enhanced Collaborative Model (ECM), which is a multi-disciplinary, victim-centered approach to combating human trafficking.

The ECM Task Force, known as the Washington Advisory Committee on Trafficking (WashACT), is co-chaired by the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Western District of Washington and the International Rescue Committee. Through the task force, the Seattle Police Department partners with a cross-section of law enforcement agencies, non-government organizations that work directly with victims, and other government agencies such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Homeland Security Investigations (HSI), and the Department of Labor. The partnering agencies meet monthly to share information about resources available to human trafficking victims, identify challenges and solutions for services to victims, and collaborate on human trafficking investigations and prosecutions.[1]

Washington became the first state in the country to pass its own human trafficking law in 2003. More recently, the City of Seattle passed a wage theft law[i] that allows employees who are exploited to file criminal complaints against employers. Imagine being an undocumented worker laboring arduously, only to discover that your employer will not pay you. Because you are undocumented and fear deportation or worse, you simply walk away. This is unacceptable, illegal, and immoral, yet it is happening regularly in communities large and small throughout our country.

In a recent case, an 18-year-old female from Chuuk, Micronesia was promised a “better life” in the United States by her male cousin and his girlfriend. Once off the plane, her passport was immediately taken from her and withheld. She was brought to the cousin’s residence in a well-to-do part of town and forced to take care of three small children. She cooked, cleaned, and was not allowed to make friends outside of her Micronesian family. She was also forced to work in a chicken factory and not allowed to keep any of the money she earned. She was raped and physically abused. She did not speak English and had nowhere to turn. When she received a paycheck she was taken to a bank or check cashing service, temporarily given her passport, and then forced to hand over all the proceeds.

Eventually, a neighbor suspected victimization and took her to a local shelter. The police department and HSI became involved, conducted an investigation, and eventually filed charges against the cousin and his girlfriend.

Law enforcement and partnering agencies in human trafficking investigations and prosecutions must recognize that those who are trafficked and exploited for the sex trade or other illegal purposes are truly victims, not criminals. It is vital to rescue them, holding their perpetrators accountable. Our empathy is the crux of our humanity and these cases strike at the very core of our humanity.

The IACP is the national law enforcement technical assistance provider for the BJA/OVC-funded ECM human trafficking task forces. For more information on this initiative, visit the IACP Human Trafficking Project webpage.


[1] Washington Anti-trafficking Resource Network “Washington Advisory Committee on Trafficking (WashACT),” http://www.warn-trafficking.org/resources/washact/ (accessed January 12, 2017).

[i] http://www.seattle.gov/laborstandards/ordinances/wage-theftv

Posted in Victim Services

U.S. President Donald Trump Issues Immigration Related Executive Orders

Today, January 25th, U.S. President Donald J. Trump signed two executive orders (EO) related to federal immigration policy. IACP staff is still in the process of reviewing the full text of the executive orders and assessing their potential impact on state and local law enforcement agencies.

However, an initial review identified several key provisions of interest to the IACP membership. These include:

  • Termination of the Priority Enforcement Program (PEP): The EO directs the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Secretary to take immediate steps to terminate the Priority Enforcement Program which was established on November 20, 2014. For more information on PEP, please click here.
  •  Reinstitute the Secure Communities Program (SCP): The EO directs the DHS Secretary to immediately take steps to reinstitute the Secure Communities Program. For more information on SCP, please click here.
  • Sanctuary Cities: The EO establishes the policy of the Federal Government to ensure that states and/or political subdivisions shall comply with federal immigration law. The EO directs the following actions to be taken:
    • Directs the Attorney General (AG) and DHS Secretary to ensure that sanctuary cities are ineligible to receive federal grants (The AG and Secretary are authorized to provide exemptions to this ban for law enforcement activities at their discretion);
    • Provides the DHS Secretary with the authority to designate a jurisdiction as a sanctuary city;
    • Directs the Attorney General to take appropriate enforcement action against any jurisdiction/entity that has in effect a statute, policy or practice that hinder the enforcement of federal immigration law;
    • Requires the DHS Secretary to issue a weekly report on the number of crimes committed by aliens and any jurisdiction that ignored or failed to comply with any detainers related to those aliens.
  • Information on Incarcerated Aliens: The EO directs the Attorney General and the DHS Secretary to collect information and provide quarterly reports on the number of criminal aliens incarcerated in federal and state prisons.

The full text of the Executive orders can be found HERE.

This blog post will be updated as additional information becomes available.

Posted in Breaking News, Legal, National Security, Policy